California Welfare and Institutions Code
When any minor, as a result of mental disorder, is a danger to others, or to himself or herself, or gravely disabled and authorization for voluntary treatment is not available, a peace officer, member of the attending staff, as defined by regulation, of an evaluation facility designated by the county, designated members of a mobile crisis team provided by Section 5651.7, or other professional person designated by the county may, upon probable cause, take, or cause to be taken, the minor into custody and place him or her in a facility designated by the county and approved by the State Department of Mental Health as a facility for seventy-two hour treatment and evaluation of minors. The facility shall make every effort to notify the minor's parent or legal guardian as soon as possible after the minor is detained.
The facility shall require an application in writing stating the circumstances under which the minor's condition was called to the attention of the officer, member of the attending staff, or professional person, and stating that the officer, member of the attending staff, or professional person has probable cause to believe that the minor is, as a result of mental disorder, a danger to others, or to himself or herself, or gravely disabled and authorization for voluntary treatment is not available. If the probable cause is based on the statement of a person other than the officer, member of the attending staff, or professional person, the person shall be liable in a civil action for intentionally giving a statement which he or she knows to be false.
Any minor detained under the provisions of Section 5585.50 shall receive a clinical evaluation consisting of multidisciplinary professional analyses of the minor's medical, psychological, developmental, educational, social, financial, and legal conditions as may appear to constitute a problem. This evaluation shall include a psychosocial evaluation of the family or living environment, or both. Persons providing evaluation services shall be properly qualified professionals with training or supervised experience, or both, in the diagnosis and treatment of minors. Every effort shall be made to involve the minor's parent or legal guardian in the clinical evaluation.
If, in the opinion of the professional person conducting the evaluation as specified in Section 5585.52, the minor will require additional mental health treatment, a treatment plan shall be written and shall identify the least restrictive placement alternative in which the minor can receive the necessary treatment. The family, legal guardian, or caretaker and the minor shall be consulted and informed as to the basic recommendations for further treatment and placement requirements. Every effort shall be made to obtain the consent of the minor's parent or legal guardian prior to treatment and placement of the minor. Inability to obtain the consent of the minor's parent or legal guardian shall not preclude the involuntary treatment of a minor who is determined to be gravely disabled or a danger to himself or herself or others. Involuntary treatment shall only be allowed in accordance with the provisions of the Lanterman-Petris-Short Act (Part 1 (commencing with Section 5000)).
The minor committed for involuntary treatment under this part shall be placed in a health facility designated by the county and approved by the State Department of Mental Health as a facility for 72-hour evaluation and treatment. Except as provided for in Section 5751.7, each county shall assure that minors under the age of 16 years are not held with adults receiving psychiatric treatment under the provisions of the Lanterman-Petris-Short Act (Part 1 (commencing with Section 5000)).
A mentally ill minor, upon being considered for release from involuntary treatment, shall have an aftercare plan developed. The plan shall include educational or training needs, provided these are necessary for the minor's well-being.
This part shall be funded under the Bronzan-McCorquodale Act pursuant to Part 2 (commencing with Section 5600), as part of the county performance contract.
For the purposes of this part, legally emancipated minors requiring involuntary treatment shall be considered adults and this part shall not apply.
The Metropolitan State Hospital Youth Program's admission policy shall require the referring agency to document all placement attempts prior to admission. The youth program's discharge planning policy shall require the referring agency to document all attempts to place the child during the discharge planning process.